Everything You Need to Know About Macular Degeneration
Age-related macular degeneration isn’t always preventable, but certain techniques do work to aid in macular degeneration prevention. One of the major ways to reduce your chances of macular degeneration is to see an eye doctor in Newington regularly. Our optometrists in Newington and South Windsor have the potential to catch the problem early to reduce the prevalence of complications.
What is Macular Degeneration?
Macular degeneration is a disease that destroys the macula, which is the central portion of the retina. When the disease progresses, it impairs central vision. It very rarely causes complete blindness. Although most cases are age-related macular degeneration, it is possible for a person to develop it for other reason such as negative lifestyle habits like smoking and consuming a poor diet. Most people who develop macular degeneration develop it when they turn over the age of 60 years old. Genetics appears to play a role as well.
What Are the Types of Macular Degeneration?
One of our Newington or South Windsor optometrists can detect cases of both wet macular degeneration and dry macular degeneration. Dry macular degeneration is most common in people over the age of 65. It’s caused by the thinning of the macula, which is the part of the eye responsible for your direct line of sight. A person with dry macular degeneration may have blurred or reduced central vision.
Wet macular degeneration is the other type of age-related macular degeneration. This particular disease is one of the retinal diseases that cause blurred vision or a blind spot in your field of vision. In most cases, it’s caused by an abnormal blood vessel that leaks blood or fluid into the macula. It’s also possible that the vision problems you’re experiencing are from a macular hole, which the optometrist can determine and treat accordingly.
How is Macular Degeneration Treated?
Macular degeneration treatment is dependent upon whether the condition is wet macular degeneration or dry macular degeneration. The dry macular degeneration treatment isn’t possible until the disease progresses. In the early stages, the person might not be aware he or she even has macular degeneration since it won’t cause any symptoms. However, one of our eye doctors in South Windsor or Newington will be able to detect and monitor its progression. The eye doctor will request the patient undergoes a comprehensive dilated eye exam at least once per year. This can help to track the progression.
As the disease progresses into its intermediate and advanced stages, the person may require a high dosage of vitamins and minerals to slow the progression. The person may require injections of vascular endothelial growth factor to slow down the progression. Medications like bevacizumab may be given to block the growth signals that cause new blood vessels to develop. A laser therapy known as photodynamic therapy helps patient with wet macular degeneration by closing off the new blood vessels and slowing their growth. Laser surgery can get rid of the damaged part of the retina in order to prevent more severe vision loss.
To schedule a regular exam to check for macular degeneration, contact Aucello Eyecare Center today at (860) 644-4362 or (860) 667-2020. We look forward to hearing from you!